The Lockdown Chronicles 39: Bernard

This is just a thumbnail. To go to the comic strip, click on the blog post URL.Click on the image below to read the comic strip in full size. Sources and references on this post under the comic strip below.

Bernard checks Twitter.
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George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950), known at his insistence simply as Bernard Shaw, was an Irish playwright, critic, polemicist and political activist. His play The Doctor’s Dilemma was first staged in 1906. It is a problem play about the moral dilemmas created by limited medical resources, and the conflicts between the demands of private medicine as a business and a vocation [Wikipedia entry].

Source texts: Gabriel Scally @GabrielScally (9 June 2020, 8:52 PM BST). #COVID19 drive-in test centres run by Deloitte; contract tracing run by Serco, helped by Capita. I think George Bernard Shaw had something to say on the matter in 1911. #coronavirus. Tweet. Available from https://twitter.com/GabrielScally/status/1270443754613325824 [Accessed 9 June 2020]. Shaw, G. (1909) The Doctor’s Dilemma: Preface on Doctors, Project Gutenberg. Available via https://www.gutenberg.org/files/5069/5069-h/5069-h.htm [Accessed 9 June 2020]. Additional references below.

Source image: Photograph of Bernard Shaw writing in notebook at time of first production of his play “Pygmalion”, 1914. LIFE Photo Archive on Google, © Time Inc. Original for personal non-commercial use only.  Photo reused here under educational fair dealing via Wikimedia Commons. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Gabriel Scally @GabrielScally (9 June 2020, 8:52 PM BST). #COVID19 drive-in test centres run by Deloitte; contract tracing run by Serco, helped by Capita. I think George Bernard Shaw had something to say on the matter in 1911. #coronavirus. Tweet. Available from https://twitter.com/GabrielScally/status/1270443754613325824 [Accessed 9 June 2020].

Shaw, G. (1909) The Doctor’s Dilemma: Preface on Doctors, Project Gutenberg. Available via https://www.gutenberg.org/files/5069/5069-h/5069-h.htm [Accessed 9 June 2020].

Taylor, D. (6 June 2020) “Serco wins Covid-19 test-and-trace contract despite £1m fine”. The Guardian. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/06/serco-wins-covid-19-test-and-trace-contract-despite-1m-fine [Accessed 9 June 2020]

Garside, J. (23 April 2020) “Hospitals sound alarm over privately run virus test centre at Surrey theme park”. The Guardian. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/23/hospitals-sound-alarm-over-privately-run-test-centre-in-surrey [Accessed 9 June 2020]

English Heritage. Blue Plaques. Shaw, George Bernard (1856-1950). Available at https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/blue-plaques/george-bernard-shaw/ [Accessed 9 June 2020]

Photograph of Bernard Shaw writing in notebook at time of first production of his play “Pygmalion”, 1914. LIFE Photo Archive on Google, © Time Inc. Original for personal non-commercial use only.  Photo reused here under educational fair dealing via Wikimedia Commons, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:George_Bernard_Shaw_notebook.jpg  [Accessed 9 June 2020]

 

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

Ebola: Publisher, Access and License Types of the 100 Most Mentioned Papers

I made a quick alluvial diagram showing the publisher, access and license types of the top 100 papers in our dataset.

Alluvial Diagram Showing the Publishers of the Top 100 Ebola Papers According to Altmetric as of Wed Aug 06 2014 16:44:28 GMT+0000 (UTC)  By License and Access Type

Source:
Priego, Ernesto; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Atenas, Javiera; Andrés Delgado; Isabel Galina; Levin, John; Murtagh, John; Brun, Laurent; Whitton, Merinne; Pablo de Castro; Sarah Molloy; Petersen, Sigmund; Gutierrez, Silvia (2014): Articles with Ebola mentioned online anytime as tracked by Altmetric, with crowdsourced type of access and license. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1137162

Retrieved 10:22, Aug 15, 2014 (GMT)

Ebola: Access and Licenses of 497 Papers Crowdsourced in 7 Days

From  (2014): Articles with Ebola mentioned online anytime as tracked by Altmetric, with crowdsourced type of access and license. figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1137162

Yesterday I shared a spreadsheet containing references to 497 papers on Ebola including the access and license type of each paper. The access and license types of each paper were crowdsourced. Fourteen volunteers participated in completing the dataset.

On Wednesday 6 August 2014 I shared a dataset on a Google spreadsheet of references to 497 papers on Ebola exported from an Altmetric Explorer report (see my previous post here).

One of the intentions of sharing the dataset, apart from sharing a file containing links to 497 scientific articles on Ebola mentioned online, was to crowdsource the access and license type of each paper. I promoted the file and the task amongst my followers on Twitter.

The task was to manually click on each link and personally verify which papers were open access, which were paywalled, which were ‘free to read’, etc., and to verify under which licenses they were published. We also added another column for ‘Publisher’. Contributors were asked to add their names and Twitter usernames on a column next to the Access, License and Publisher rows they had completed.

By Wednesday 13 August 2014, the whole dataset was complete (only a few Publisher rows remained to be completed, which I did). I closed the shared Google spreadsheet for editing and did a little bit of manual data refining; and verified some of the access and licenses types. I then downloaded it and did a bit more refining on Excel; and edited the spreadsheet so it contained a documentation ReadMe sheet and two extra sheets; one sheet with only the Open Access (in this case we included SA, ND and NC Creative Commons Licenses; though as we know fully-fledged Open Access requires CC-BY licenses) and another one with only the CC-BY entries for easier location of the open papers. I shared it last night on figshare, including everyone who helped crowdsource as co-authors of the spreadsheet:

Priego, Ernesto; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Atenas, Javiera; Andrés Delgado; Isabel Galina; Levin, John; Murtagh, John; Brun, Laurent; Whitton, Merinne; Pablo de Castro; Sarah Molloy; Petersen, Sigmund; Gutierrez, Silvia (2014): Articles with Ebola mentioned online anytime as tracked by Altmetric, with crowdsourced type of access and license. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.1137162
Retrieved 07:39, Aug 14, 2014 (GMT)

Last night I did a quick chart about the number of papers per type of access. It was late so it may contain errors. One of the reasons why the spreadsheet has been shared openly is so that others can do their own analyses and contrast any information about it.

Number of Ebola Papers in Dataset Per Access Type chart CC-BY Ernesto Priego
Number of Ebola Papers in Dataset Per Access Type. Click to enlarge.

 

Access type Number of papers in dataset per access type
All Open Access (includes NC; 95 CC-BY) 133
Paywalled 138
Free to Read but not OA (All Rights Reserved research papers) 211
“Advance Access” (Free to read but not OA) 1
News Items (Free to Read but not OA) 6
DOIs not found or unresolved 4

[Please note total is not 497 in the charts above as some license/access types were either not present or unclear; for example there’s cases of papers labeled as “Open Access” but the license for that article was absent of hard to find. In any case this chart needs to be revised and editorial decisions need to be taken about what will count as what. The charts are shared in the knowledge errors can still remain].

Depending on your interests, there is a series of different analyses that could be done from the data. I’ll be working on that; but since we have shared the dataset openly, why not see what you can do with it? (Don’t forget to cite the dataset!)

Quick Insights from the Wellcome Trust Paid APCs 2012/13 Dataset

[Updated. I replaced the spreadsheet on figshare twice as a couple of publisher names had to be corrected. This left a version with 101 unique publisher names –note that some might still be subsumable to other publisher names in the set.

I have also corrected the first bar chart and added another one two on this post. Please bear in mind there might still be errors in the source data. The spreadsheet, write-up and charts are shared “as is” and “as available”; the information presented reflects the data as manually curated and refined in the latest dataset version at http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.966427.

This means that the number of publishers and costs and outputs associated to each publisher will depend on how the Publisher field has been refined; other quantifications and visualisations of the original dataset or other versions that have been refined differently are therefore likely to differ. I do not work for nor am I currently associated with the Wellcome Trust or any of the publishers mentioned here; these are not “official” figures and are openly shared here as research work in progress and should therefore be taken in that spirit].

In March 2014 the Wellcome Trust released a dataset via figshare giving information on their funding of Article Processing Charges in 2012/13.

The dataset  includes all papers that the Trust is aware of paying money for.

Cameron Neylon subsequently shared a dataset on figshare (and github) with some of the inconsistencies refined:

Neylon, Cameron (2014): Wellcome Trust Article Processing Charges by Article 2012/13. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.964812

I worked with his version of the  dataset and manually refined inconsistencies in the Publisher field (same publishers appeared under different names and spellings and other text formatting issues). I did not refine the journal titles.

I also focused on 11 publishers from the dataset and obtained totals as well as their maximum and minimum APCs.

I shared this version of the spreadsheet as

Priego, Ernesto; Neylon, Cameron (2014): Wellcome Trust APC spend (2012-13) Spreadsheet with Publisher Names Refined. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.966427

Some figures that stand out:

  • Number of Publishers (once refined): 101
  • Number of Published Outputs in the dataset: 2127
  • Total amount paid in APCs according to the dataset: £3,884,787.52
  • Highest APC in the dataset: £13,200.00, for the monograph: ‘Fungal Disease in Britain and the United States 1850-2000’ (Palgrave Macmillan)
  • Highest APC payment for an article in the dataset: £6000 for ‘Laboratory Science in Tropical Medicine’, in the Public Service Review journal.
  • Lowest APC in the dataset: £45.94  for the journal article ‘The association between breastfeeding and HIV on postpartum maternal weight changes over 24 months in rural South Africa’  on the American Society for Nutrition Journal.
  • APC average (excluding the £13,000 one for the book) £1820.01
Total Cost (£) Paid by the Wellcome Trust to 11 Selected Publishers  (out of 101 Publishers in complete dataset) . Chart by Ernesto Priego
Total Cost (£) Paid by the Wellcome Trust to 11 Selected Publishers
(out of 101 Publishers in complete dataset) . Chart by Ernesto Priego
Number of Published Outputs Paid by the Wellcome Trust  from 11 Selected Publishers in 2012/13 Chart by Ernesto Priego
Number of Published Outputs Paid by the Wellcome Trust
from 11 Selected Publishers in 2012/13
Chart by Ernesto Priego
Lowest and Highest Article Processing Charges from 11 Selected Publishers as Paid by the Wellcome Trust According to 2012_13 Dataset . Chart by Ernesto Priego
Lowest and Highest Article Processing Charges from 11 Selected Publishers as Paid by the Wellcome Trust According to 2012_13 Dataset . Chart by Ernesto Priego

 

Total Cost (£) charged to Wellcome by Selected Publishers  (inc VAT when charged). Figures from 2012/13 Wellcome Trust Dataset (public domain), including Number of Outputs, Max APC and Min APC. From spreadsheet by Ernesto Priego
Total Cost (£) charged to Wellcome by Selected Publishers (inc VAT when charged). Figures from 2012/13 Wellcome Trust Dataset (public domain), including Number of Outputs, Max APC and Min APC. From spreadsheet by Ernesto Priego

With many thanks to Cameron Neylon.

Hopefully this helps in some way to provide a quicker idea of the average cost of APCs from the major for-profit publishers.

En mi Día de HD: Angelina Jolie, Transexuales y Supervivencia

[Reblogged from/reblogueado de http://dhd2013.filos.unam.mx/ernestopriego/2013/05/29/angelina-jolie-transexuales-y-supervivencia/]

¿Qué hice hoy? Entre otras cosas (entre las cuales siempre se cuenta contestar unos 50 mensajes de correo electrónico al menos, todos de trabajo) me propuse intentar hacer una “infográfica” de un reporte que hice con el Altmetric Explorer sobre artículos académicos que mencionan la palabra “mastectomía” en el título.

Cuando se anunció en la prensa que Angelina Jolie había optado por la mastectomía doble como medida preventiva, hice un reporte inicial esperando poder comparar en el futuro si el interés público por el tema causaba o la aparición de nuevos artículos académicos o nuevas menciones en línea de artículos académicos previamente publicados sobre la mastectomía. Ese reporte inicial quedó congelado en el tiempo en un archivo fijo que subí a Figshare, aquí:

“All articles with keywords ‘mastectomy’ mentioned anytime (Altmetric Explorer Report)”. Ernesto Priego. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.703162 Accesado el 16:32, May 29, 2013 (GMT)

Hoy con el nuevo reporte que hice noté que dicho y hecho un nuevo artículo con “Angelina Jolie” en el título había hecho su aparición no sólo entre los diez más mencionados sino entre los tres más mencionados.

La itención fue ver qué tan rápido podía armar una infográfica para compartir en línea (no para imprimirse, es decir en baja resolución y hecha con software gratuito en línea) con estos nuevos datos. Me tomó buena parte de la mañana y mi computadora falló varias veces en el proceso. Al final no quedó como me hubiera gustado pues se fueron algunos errores menores de redacción y de puntuación, pero bueno, se comparte abiertamente de buena fe y quien quiera enmdendar o hacer mejor las cosas para eso se comparte con licencia de CC- Atribución.

La infográfica se puede bajar acá:

Mastectomy: Scientific Articles Most Mentioned Online (Infographic). Ernesto Priego. figshare.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.708379

Retrieved 16:38, May 29, 2013 (GMT)