The Lockdown Chronicles 19: Ricardo

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Ricardo is in prison.
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Original idea and historical image and text research by Ira Franco; adaptation, layout, translation and additional research by Ernesto Priego.

Ricardo Flores Magón (Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, 16 September 1874 – Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansas, 22 November 1922) was the main ideologist of the Mexican anarchist movement, a key component for the development of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). While in exile in the United States, he was charged with sedition and espionage by the W. Wilson administration and sentenced to twenty years in prison. He died 5 years later, blind from glaucoma and diabetes, in a cell at the Leavenworth Kansas Penitentiary. [Wikipedia entry]

His correspondence during his confinement is available via the Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón (INAH, México).

Source texts: Letters from Ricardo Flores Magón (Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, 16 September 1874 – Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansas, 22 November 1922) to Raúl Palma (6 August 1918), Nicolás T. Bernal (26 May 1921) and Ellen White (5 April 1921), via Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico; Evelyn, Kenya (10 April 2020) “Prison uprising put down as US inmates demand protection from coronavirus”, the Guardian; Bernard, Katie (30 April 2020) “All Lansing prisoners to be tested for COVID-19 after multiple asymptomatic positives”, The Kansas City Star.

Source images: Panel 1: Kansas. Fort Leavenworth. U.S. Military Prison [no date], photographic print, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, no known restrictions on publication; panels 2-4: Ricardo Flores Magón (1978), linocut on paper by Carlos A. Cortés, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Public Domain. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

 

References

Ricardo Flores Magón, Correspondencia, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico, available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia/. [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Raúl Palma, 6 August 1918, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1918/cor361/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Ellen White, 5 April 1921, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1921/cor44-2/  [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Nicolás T. Bernal. 26 May 1921,  Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1921/cor55-2/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons. (Last Updated: Saturday, 25 April 2020)  Inmate Citizenship, Statistics based on prior month’s data. Available at https://www.bop.gov/about/statistics/statistics_inmate_citizenship.jsp [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Bernard, Katie (30 April 2020) “All Lansing prisoners to be tested for COVID-19 after multiple asymptomatic positives”, The Kansas City Star, available via https://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article242408021.html [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Evelyn, Kenya (10 April 2020) “Prison uprising put down as US inmates demand protection from coronavirus”, the Guardian. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/10/us-prisons-coronavirus-uprising-riot [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Kansas. Fort Leavenworth. U.S. Military Prison [no date], photographic print, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Available at https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005686565/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Cortés, Carlos A. (1978) Ricardo Flores Magón. Linocut on paper. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Available at https://americanart.si.edu/artwork/ricardo-flores-magon-33504  [Accessed 4 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.