The Lockdown Chronicles 29: Mary Jane

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Mary Jane wanted to be a nurse.
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Mary Seacole (née Mary Jane Grant, 1805, Kingston, Jamaica – 1881, London, UK), businesswoman who provided sustenance and care for British soldiers at the battlefront during the Crimean War. Despite her nursing experience during a cholera epidemic in Panama and in Jamaica caring for yellow fever victims, her offers to serve as an army nurse were refused. She attributed her rejection to racial prejudice (Seacole 1857: 74-80). After her death she fell into obscurity but in 2004 took first place in the 100 Great Black Britons poll in the UK. [Wikipedia entry] [Britannica entry]

In a 2014 letter to the Guardian, Professor Lynn McDonald, editor of the Collected Works of Florence Nightingale, wrote of Seacole that “[y]es, she was kind and generous, to ordinary soldiers as well as officers. These are good qualities, but not the sort that saves lives or pioneers health care” (Monday 27 October 2014).

It seems to me, as a humble reader, that all these years after her death Mary Seacole keeps suffering from the rejection she described experiencing in her 1857 autobiography (see chapter VIII).

Text sources: Syal, R. (18 May 2020) “Points-based UK immigration bill passes initial Commons stage”. The Guardian; Sparrow, A., Murphy, S. and Perraudin, F. (19 May 2020) “UK coronavirus live: excess deaths reached almost 55,000 in early May, says ONS”. The Guardian; Sample, I. (18 May 2020) “Over three-quarters of BAME doctors fear they will contract Covid-19”. The Guardian; Seacole, M. (2003)[1857] Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands, via Project Gutenberg.

Source image: Photograph of Mary Seacole c. 1873, unknown photographer, Maull & Company London, in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or fewer, via Wikimedia Commons. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Syal, R. (18 May 2020) “Points-based UK immigration bill passes initial Commons stage”. The Guardian; https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/may/18/points-based-uk-immigration-bill-passed-by-parliament [Accessed 19 May 2020].

Sparrow, A., Murphy, S. and Perraudin, F. (19 May 2020) “UK coronavirus live: excess deaths reached almost 55,000 in early May, says ONS”. The Guardian; Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2020/may/19/uk-coronavirus-live-latest-updates [Accessed 19 May 2020].

Sample, I. (18 May 2020) “Over three-quarters of BAME doctors fear they will contract Covid-19”. The Guardian; Available at https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/may/18/over-three-quarters-of-bame-doctors-fear-they-will-contract-covid-19 [Accessed 19 May 2020].

Seacole, M. (2003)[1857] Wonderful Adventures of Mrs. Seacole in Many Lands, via Project Gutenberg. Available at http://www.gutenberg.org/files/23031/23031-h/23031-h.htm [Accessed 19 May 2020].

Photograph of Mary Seacole c.1873, unknown photographer, Maull & Company London, via Wikimedia Commons, available at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Seacole_photo.jpg [Accessed 19 May 2020].

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 28: Ignaz

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Ignaz is a physician.
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Great works are those which awaken our genius, great men are those who give them form”.

– Louis-Ferdinand Céline, The Life and Works of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818–1865) (1924)

 

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818–1865) was a Hungarian-Austrian physician now recognised as an early pioneer of antiseptic procedures; his observations conflicted with the established scientific and medical opinions of the time and his ideas were rejected by the medical community. [Wikipedia entry].

The Semmelweis reflex or “Semmelweis effect” describes the reflex-like tendency to reject new evidence or new knowledge because it contradicts established norms, beliefs, or paradigms. [Wikipedia entry] [Mortell et al 2013]

I learned about the life and work of Semmelweis by reading Semmelweis (Atlas Press, 2008) by the French novelist Louis-Ferdinand Céline (1894 – 1961), who was also a physician (gracias, maestro Antonio Saborit). By 1923, Céline had almost completed his medical degree. His doctoral thesis, The Life and Works of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818–1865) completed in 1924, is actually considered to be Céline’s first literary work. Ignaz Semmelweis’s contribution to medicine “was immense and, according to Céline, was directly proportional to the misery of his life.” In 1924 Céline took up the post of intern at a Paris maternity hospital.  The first public edition was from 1936. [Wikipedia entry].

Text sources: Semmelweis, I. (1983) Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever, translated by Carter, K. Codell, University of Wisconsin Press, via Internet Archive; Mason, R. (5 May 2020) “Boris Johnson boasted of shaking hands on day Sage warned not to”, the Guardian; Pogrebna, G. & Kharlamov, A. (2020) The Impact of Cross-Cultural Differences in Handwashing Patterns on the COVID-19 Outbreak Magnitude. 10.13140/RG.2.2.23764.96649; Gammon, J., & Hunt, J. (2018). The neglected element of hand hygiene – significance of hand drying […]. Journal of Infection Prevention, https://doi.org/10.1177/1757177418815549/.

Source image: Portrait of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis, Wellcome Collection. CC BY 4.0. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Semmelweis, I.P. (1983) Etiology, Concept and Prophylaxis of Childbed Fever, translated by Carter, K. Codell, University of Wisconsin Press, via Internet Archive; available at https://archive.org/details/etiologyconcepta0000unse [Accessed 17 May 2020]

Céline, L.F. (2008) [Doctoral thesis, 1927] Semmelweis. Translated by John Harman. London: Atlas Press

Mason, R. (5 May 2020) “Boris Johnson boasted of shaking hands on day Sage warned not to”, the Guardian; available at https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2020/may/05/boris-johnson-boasted-of-shaking-hands-on-day-sage-warned-not-to [Accessed 17 May 2020]

Pogrebna, G. & Kharlamov, A. (2020) The Impact of Cross-Cultural Differences in Handwashing Patterns on the COVID-19 Outbreak Magnitude. 10.13140/RG.2.2.23764.96649 [Accessed 17 May 2020]

Gammon, J., & Hunt, J. (2018). The neglected element of hand hygiene – significance of hand drying […]. Journal of Infection Prevention, https://doi.org/10.1177/1757177418815549  [Accessed 17 May 2020]

Mortell, M., Balkhy, H. H., Tannous, E. B., & Jong, M. T. (2013). Physician ‘defiance’ towards hand hygiene compliance: Is there a theory-practice-ethics gap?. Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 25(3), 203–208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsha.2013.04.003 [Accessed 17 May 2020] h

Portrait of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis [1818 – 1865], Hungarian-Austrian physician. Wellcome Collection. Available via https://wellcomecollection.org/works/jjas5444 [Accessed 17 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 27: Ludwig

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Ludwig is stressed.
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On the advice of his doctor, Ludwig van Beethoven (1770–1827) moved to Heiligenstadt from April to October 1802 in an attempt to come to terms with his hearing loss. There he wrote the Heiligenstadt Testament (1802), a letter to his brothers which records his thoughts on his growing deafness and his resolution to continue living for and through his art (Cooper 1996: 169-172) [Wikipedia entry].

Text sources in addition to those in the footnote captions: Beethoven’s Heiligenstadt Testament (6 October 1802), via Gilbert, J.V. (1998) “E85.2073: Music Literature: The Classical Period”, NYU; Cooper, B., ed. (1996) The Beethoven Companion. Thames and Hudson; Saba, S. (22 April 2020) “How home working leaves deaf people out of the loop during coronavirus”, the Guardian.

Source image: “Beethoven’s walk in nature”, by Julius Schmid, original at Beethoven-Haus, Bonn, file used via Wikimedia Commons; Public Domain where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or fewer. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Austria Official Travel Portal, “Up-to-date information on the Coronavirus situation “, available at https://www.austria.info/en/service-and-facts/coronavirus-information/  [Accessed 14 May 2020]

Action on Hearing Loss (Last updated 12 May 2020) “Managing tinnitus and stress during the Covid-19 (coronavirus) outbreak”, available at  https://beta.actiononhearingloss.org.uk/coronavirus-response/managing-tinnitus-and-stress-during-the-covid-19-coronavirus-outbreak/  [Accessed 14 May 2020]

Beethoven’s Heiligenstadt Testament (6 October 1802), via Gilbert, J.V. (1998) “E85.2073: Music Literature: The Classical Period”, NYU; available at https://www.nyu.edu/classes/gilbert/classic/heiligenstadt.html  [Accessed 14 May 2020]

Cooper, B., ed. (1996) The Beethoven Companion. Thames and Hudson.

Saba, S. (22 April 2020) “How home working leaves deaf people out of the loop during coronavirus”, the Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/apr/22/how-home-working-leaves-deaf-people-out-loop-coronavirus Available at [Accessed 14 May 2020]

“Beethoven’s walk in nature”, by Julius Schmid, original at Beethoven-Haus, Bonn, file used via Wikimedia Commons at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Beethoven_walk.jpg [Accessed 14 May 2020]

 

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 26: Mary S

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Mary calls a friend.
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Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797–1851) was an English novelist, best known for writing Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818). She also edited and promoted the works of her husband, the Romantic poet and philosopher Percy Bysshe Shelley. Her father was the political philosopher William Godwin and her mother was the philosopher and feminist Mary Wollstonecraft. Mary and her extended family experienced both financial troubles and mental distress. She did not become financially independent until Sir Timothy Shelley died in April 1844, and her son Percy inherited his father’s legacies. [Wikipedia Entry] [University of Saskatchewan] [UPenn]

Text sources in addition to those in the footnote captions: Shelley, Mary (1823) Valperga: or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Lucca, via Project Gutenberg Australia, available at http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks06/0606801h.html/; Banks J, Karjalainen H, Propper C. (2020) “Recessions and health: the long-term health consequences of responses to the coronavirus”, available from: https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/14799/.

Source image: Portrait of Mary Shelley (1840) by Richard Rothwell (1800–1868), image file via Wikimedia Commons. This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 100 years or fewer. The original is at the National Portrait Gallery, London. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA; full context at epriego.blog

References

Shelley, M. (1823) Valperga: or, The Life and Adventures of Castruccio, Prince of Lucca, via Project Gutenberg Australia, available at http://gutenberg.net.au/ebooks06/0606801h.html/ [Accessed 13 May 2020]

English Heritage, “Shelley, Mary (1797–1851)”, available at https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/blue-plaques/mary-shelley/ [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Warder, K. (1999) [?] “A Brief Biography of Mary Shelley”, in Frankenstein: a hypertext resource. Updated and reconceived by Joel Deshaye and Dave Mitchell at the University of Saskatchewan, available at https://www.usask.ca/english/frank/biostart.htm [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Curran, S. (n.d). “Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley”, in Frankenstein; or, the Modern Prometheus, by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley. The Pennsylvania Electronic Edition. Available at http://knarf.english.upenn.edu/MShelley/bio.html [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Banks J, Karjalainen H, Propper C. (2020) “Recessions and health: the long-term health consequences of responses to the coronavirus”, available from: https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/14799/ [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Resource Center, available at https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/ [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Mental Health Foundation (1 May 2020) “The COVID-19 pandemic, financial inequality and mental health”, available at https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/our-work/research/coronavirus-mental-health-pandemic/covid-19-inequality-briefing  [Accessed 13 May 2020]

Joyce, R and Xu, X. (6 April 2020) “Sector shutdowns during the coronavirus crisis: which workers are most exposed?” Institute for Fiscal Studies, available at https://www.ifs.org.uk/publications/14791 [Accessed 13 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 25: Ralph

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Ralph gives another online lecture.
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Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States. On July 15, 1838, Emerson was invited to Divinity Hall, Harvard Divinity School, to deliver the school’s graduation address, which came to be known as the “Divinity School Address”. [Wikipedia entry]

Emerson loved nature and outdoor activities but also appreciated solitude indoors: “the solitary knows the essence of the thought, the scholar in society only its fair face.” [Ralph Waldo Emerson House]

Text sources: Harvard Divinity School (11 May 2011), HDS Coronavirus Update, https://hds.harvard.edu/about/hds-coronavirus-update (accessed 12 May 2020); The New York Times, (11-12May 2020) “Fauci to Warn Senate of ‘Needless Suffering and Death’”, NYT.com; Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1904) “Nature” and “V. Education”, in The Complete Works., Vol. X. Lectures and Biographical Sketches, Bartleby.com.

Image sources: Panel 1: photograph of the home of Ralph Waldo Emerson in Concorde, ©2018 Ralph Waldo Emerson Memorial Association; panels 2-4: Ralph Waldo Emerson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right, engraved and published in 1878 by S.A. Schoff from an original drawing by Sam W. Rowse, Library of Congress, no known restrictions on publication. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Harvard Divinity School (11 May 2011), HDS Coronavirus Update, available at https://hds.harvard.edu/about/hds-coronavirus-update [accessed 12 May 2020]

The New York Times, (11-12May 2020) “Fauci to Warn Senate of ‘Needless Suffering and Death’”, available at https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/11/us/coronavirus-updates.htm  [accessed 12 May 2020]

Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1904) “V. Education”, in The Complete Works., Vol. X. Lectures and Biographical Sketches, available at https://www.bartleby.com/90/1005.html [accessed 12 May 2020]

Quote from “Nature” (1836) sourced from Ralph Waldo Emerson House, available at https://www.ralphwaldoemersonhouse.org/ [accessed 12 May 2020]

Skallerup Bessette, Lee, Chick, Nancy, and Friberg, Jennifer (1 May 2020) “5 Myths About Remote Teaching in the Covid-19 Crisis”, The Chronicle of Higher Education, available at https://www.chronicle.com/article/5-Myths-About-Remote-Teaching/248688?cid=cp275  [accessed 12 May 2020]

Photograph of the home of Ralph Waldo Emerson in Concorde sourced from Ralph Waldo Emerson House, available at https://www.ralphwaldoemersonhouse.org/ [accessed 12 May 2020]

Ralph Waldo Emerson, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right, engraved and published in 1878 by S.A. Schoff from an original drawing by Sam W. Rowse, Library of Congress, available at https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005677205/ [accessed 12 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 24: Herman

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Herman listens to the news.
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This comic strip is dedicated to mi maestro Antonio Saborit.

“Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street” (1853) is (of course) a short story by Herman Melville (1819–1891) where a Wall Street clerk, after an initial bout of hard work, refuses to make any task required of him, saying “I would prefer not to.” When the narrator stops by the office one Sunday morning, he discovers that Bartleby has started living there.[Wikipedia entry] [Internet Archive] Melville stayed in London at 25 Craven Street in Charing Cross at the end of 1849. [English Heritage]

Text sources: BBC News (10 May 2020) “Coronavirus: Boris Johnson to launch Covid-19 alert system”, bbc.co.uk; Blackall, Molly and Busby, Mattha (10 May 2020) “Confusion over government’s new slogan”, UK coronavirus live, the Guardian, guardian.com; Melville, Herman (1853) “Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street”, via the Internet Archive.

Source images: panels 1-2: Brown, Elliott (October 16, 2009), “25 Craven Street, London – former home of Herman Melville”, digital photograph, via Flickr, CC-BY; panels 3-4: A portrait of Herman Melville (1870) by Joseph Oriel Eaton (1829–1875), Houghton Library, Harvard University, Modern Books and Manuscripts., via Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain. This comic strip is CC-BY-NC-SA

References

Melville, Herman (1853) “Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street”, via the Internet Archive, available at http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/11231/pg11231-images.html [Accessed 10 May 2020]

English Heritage, Melville, Herman (1819–1891), available at  https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/visit/blue-plaques/herman-melville/ [Accessed 10 May 2020]

BBC News (10 May 2020) “Coronavirus: Boris Johnson to launch Covid-19 alert system”, available at https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-52602635 [Accessed 10 May 2020]

Blackall, Molly and Busby, Mattha (10 May 2020) “Confusion over government’s new slogan”, UK coronavirus live, the Guardian, available at https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/live/2020/may/10/uk-coronavirus-live-boris-johnson-to-announce-covid-19-alert-system  [Accessed 10 May 2020]

Brown, Elliott (October 16, 2009), “25 Craven Street, London – former home of Herman Melville”, digital photograph, available via Flickr at https://www.flickr.com/photos/ell-r-brown/4026669957 [Accessed 10 May 2020]

Eaton, Joseph Oriel (1870) A portrait of Herman Melville. Via Houghton Library, Harvard University, Modern Books and Manuscripts., available via Wikimedia Commons at https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Herman_Melville_by_Joseph_O_Eaton.jpg [Accessed 10 May 2020]

 

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 23: Audre

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Audre works in a factory.
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A self-described “black, lesbian, mother, warrior, poet,” Audre Lorde (February 18, 1934 – November 17, 1992) dedicated both her life and her creative talent to confronting and addressing injustices of racism, sexism, classism, and homophobia. As described in her 1982 book Zami A New Spelling of My Name. A Biomythography, as a young person she worked operating an x-ray machine cutting quartz crystals in an electronics factory in Stamford, CT, in very dangerous conditions. [Wikipedia entry] [Poetry Foundation]

Text sources: Lorde, Audre (1982) Zami A New Spelling of My Name. A Biomythography. Penguin; CT Department of Public Health COVID19 Dashboard; amFAR, COVID-19 Racial Disparities in U.S. Counties; Wadhera RK, Wadhera P, Gaba P, et al. (April 29, 2020) Variation in COVID-19 Hospitalizations and Deaths Across New York City Boroughs. JAMA. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.7197; Siddique, Haroon (1 May 2020) “British BAME Covid-19 death rate ‘more than twice that of whites'”, the Guardian;  Lorde, Audre, “The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action”, MLA, December 28, 1977.

Source image: photograph of Audre Lorde by Elsa Dorfman (1937–) via Wikimedia Commons. GNU Free Documentation License. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Lorde, Audre (1982) Zami A New Spelling of My Name. A Biomythography. Penguin. [Internet Archive]

Lorde, Audre, “The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action”, MLA, December 28, 1977. [Internet Archive] First published in Sinister Wisdom 6 (1978) and The Cancer Journals (Spinsters, Ink, San Francisco, 1980).
CT Department of Public Health COVID19 Dashboard. Available at https://maps.ct.gov/portal/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/48d54b859c8b4a8e87a0376af3513140 [Accessed 9 May 2020]

amFAR, COVID-19 Racial Disparities in U.S. Counties. Available at https://ehe.amfar.org/disparities  [Accessed 9 May 2020]

Wadhera RK, Wadhera P, Gaba P, et al. (April 29, 2020) Variation in COVID-19 Hospitalizations and Deaths Across New York City Boroughs. JAMA. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.7197 [Accessed 9 May 2020]

Siddique, Haroon (1 May 2020) “British BAME Covid-19 death rate ‘more than twice that of whites'”, the Guardian. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/01/british-bame-covid-19-death-rate-more-than-twice-that-of-whites [Accessed 9 May 2020]

Sanchez, Melissa (24 March 2020). ““Essential” Factory Workers Are Afraid to Go to Work and Can’t Afford to Stay Home”. ProPublica CT. Available at https://www.propublica.org/article/coronavirus-essential-factory-workers-illinois [Accessed 9 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 22: W.G.

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W.G. is a doctor in Bristol.
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Note: the phrase “it’s just not cricket” is used in English to say that something is unfair or dishonest.

An outstanding all-rounder, William Gilbert “W. G.” Grace MRCS LRCP (18 July 1848 – 23 October 1915) was a an English amateur cricketer and a doctor. He obtained his medical diploma from the University of Edinburgh and qualified as a Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (LRCP) and became a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS). After qualifying he worked at 61 Stapleton Road in Easton, Bristol, employing two locums during the cricket season. He was the local Public Vaccinator and had additional duties as the Medical Officer to the Barton Regis Union, which involved tending patients in the workhouse (Rae 1998).

W.G. Grace was important in the development of cricket and is widely considered one of its greatest-ever players. Generally known as “W. G.”, he played first-class cricket for a record-equaling 44 seasons, from 1865 to 1908, during which he captained England, Gloucestershire, the Gentlemen, Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), the United South of England Eleven (USEE) and several other teams. Right-handed as both batsman and bowler, Grace dominated the sport during his career. His technical innovations and enormous influence left a lasting legacy. [Wikipedia entry]

Text sources: Rae, Simon (1998) W. G. Grace: A Life. Faber; Boobyer, Leigh (7 May 2020) “Two-thirds of COVID-19 patients in Gloucestershire’s two main hospitals discharged”, Gloucestershire Live; Campbell, Denis et al (5 May 2020) “Calls for inquiry as UK reports highest Covid-19 death toll in Europe”, The Guardian; Rawlinson, Kevin (7 May 2020) “Coronavirus PPE: all 400,000 gowns flown from Turkey for NHS fail UK standards”. The Guardian.

Source image: portrait of W. G. Grace, Woodburytype, late 1880s, by Herbert Rose Barraud (1845-1896), via Wikimedia Commons, Public Domain. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Booth, Lawrence, editor (2020) Wisden Cricketers’ Almanack 2020, Wisden, available to buy from https://www.wisden.com/ [Accessed 7 May 2020]

ECB (30 April 2020) “Cricket and COVID-19: your questions answered”, available from https://www.ecb.co.uk/news/1657168/cricket-and-covid-19-your-questions-answered [Accessed 7 May 2020]

Rae, Simon (1998) W. G. Grace: A Life. Faber, available to buy from https://www.faber.co.uk/9780571195732-w-g-grace-a-life.html [Accessed 7 May 2020]

Boobyer, Leigh (7 May 2020) “Two-thirds of COVID-19 patients in Gloucestershire’s two main hospitals discharged”, Gloucestershire Live. Available from https://www.gloucestershirelive.co.uk/news/health/two-thirds-covid-19-patients-4112573  [Accessed 7 May 2020]

Campbell, Denis et al (5 May 2020) “Calls for inquiry as UK reports highest Covid-19 death toll in Europe”, The Guardian. Available from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/05/uk-coronavirus-death-toll-rises-above-32000-to-highest-in-europe [Accessed 7 May 2020]

Rawlinson, Kevin (7 May 2020) “Coronavirus PPE: all 400,000 gowns flown from Turkey for NHS fail UK standards”. The Guardian. Available from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/may/07/all-400000-gowns-flown-from-turkey-for-nhs-fail-uk-standards [Accessed 7 May 2020]

Barraud, Herbert Rose (late 1880s)  Portrait of W. G. Grace, cricketeer,  Woodburytype, via Wikimedia Commons, available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._G._Grace#/media/File:W._G._Grace,_cricketer,_by_Herbert_Rose_Barraud.jpg [Accessed 7 May 2020]

 

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 21: Fernando

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Fernando reflects.
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Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935) was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. He also wrote in and translated from English and French [Wikipedia entry].

Published posthumously, The Book of Disquiet is a fragmentary lifetime project, left unedited by Fernando Pessoa, who introduced it as a “factless autobiography.” The book was credited to Bernardo Soares, one of the author’s alternate writing names, which he called semi-heteronyms, and had a preface attributed to Fernando Pessoa, another alternate writing name or orthonym [Wikipedia entry].

On 29 November 1935, Fernando Pessoa (1888–1935), suffering from abdominal pain and a high fever, was taken to the Hospital de São Luís. There he wrote, in English, his last words: “I know not what tomorrow will bring.” He died the next day, aged 47. (Ciuraru 2011).

Text sources: Direção-Geral da Saúde COVID-19 site, https://covid19.min-saude.pt/; Pessoa, Fernando (2003) The Book of Disquiet, translated by Richard Zenith, Penguin Classics; ; Ciuraru, Carmela (2011) Nom de Plume: A (Secret) History of Pseudonyms, HarperCollins.

Source image: photograph of Fernando Pessoa, ca. 1914, via Wikimedia Commons. Public Domain. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Direção-Geral da Saúde (2020) COVID-19 site, available at  https://covid19.min-saude.pt/ [Accessed 6 May 2020]

Pessoa, Fernando (2003) The Book of Disquiet, tr. Richard Zenith, Penguin Classics. Excerpt available at http://www.freebooks8.com/Fiction_Library/3561/114.html [Accessed 6 May 2020]

Ciuraru, Carmela (2011) Nom de Plume: A (Secret) History of Pseudonyms, HarperCollins. Excerpt available via the Poetry Society of America at https://poetrysociety.org/features/tributes/fernando-pessoa-his-heteronyms [Accessed 6 May 2020]

Casa Fernando Pessoa, Lisbon, available at https://www.casafernandopessoa.pt/pt/cfp [Accessed 6 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 20: Edith

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Edith is studying to become a nurse.
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As in the rest of this series, this is a homage; liberties were taken with the historical source material.

Edith Louisa Cavell (4 December 1865 – 12 October 1915) was a British nurse. She is celebrated for saving the lives of soldiers from both sides without discrimination and in helping some 200 Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during the First World War, for which she was arrested. She was accused of treason, found guilty by a court-martial and sentenced to death. Despite international pressure for mercy, she was shot by a German firing squad. Her execution received worldwide condemnation and extensive press coverage. The night before her execution, she said, “Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.” These words were later inscribed on a memorial to her near Trafalgar Square. Her strong Anglican beliefs propelled her to help all those who needed it, both German and Allied soldiers. She was quoted as saying, “I can’t stop while there are lives to be saved.” The Church of England commemorates her in its Calendar of Saints on 12 October. Cavell, who was 49 at the time of her execution, was already notable as a pioneer of modern nursing in Belgium. [Wikipedia entry]

Source texts:  Belgian Edith Cavell Commemoration Group, (2015) “Edith Cavell Story”; Pickles, Katie (2017) “Cavell, Edith Louisa”, International Encyclopedia of the First World War, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin; quotes from St George’s Hospital medical staff as quoted in Bayley, Sian (23 March 2020) “Coronavirus deaths at St George’s Hospital rises to 15”, News. The Wandsworth Times; White, Emma (2016) A History of Britain in 100 Dogs, Cheltenham: The History Press.

Source images: Panel 1: Harcourt, Bosworth W. Swardeston Common, August 15 1895 (drawing, Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery, © Norfolk Museums Service, CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 Panels 2-4: Edith Louisa Cavell in Red Cross uniform. Colour process print after E. M. Ross, 1915. Wellcome Library no. 9872i, Wellcome Images, Wellcome Collection. CC-BY 4.0. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

References

Belgian Edith Cavell Commemoration Group, (2015) “Edith Cavell Story”; available at http://www.edith-cavell-belgium.eu/edith-cavell-story.html [Accessed 5 May 2020]

Pickles, Katie: Cavell, Edith Louisa (Version 1.1), in: 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War, ed. by Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson, issued by Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin 2017-01-24. DOI: 10.15463/ie1418.10214/1.1. [Accessed 5 May 2020]

Tweets by Tooting MP and A&E doctor at St George’s Hospital, Dr Rosena Allin-Khan, and Dr Lisa Anderson, consultant cardiologist at St George’s Hospital, to the BBC’s Andrew Marr (22 March 2020), as quoted by Bayley, Sian (23 March 2020) “Coronavirus deaths at St George’s Hospital rises to 15”, News. The Wandsworth Times, available at  https://www.wandsworthguardian.co.uk/news/18328407.coronavirus-deaths-st-georges-hospital-rises-15/ [Accessed 5 May 2020]

White, Emma (2016) A History of Britain in 100 Dogs, Cheltenham: The History Press. Excerpt available at https://www.thehistorypress.co.uk/articles/edith-cavell-and-her-furry-four-legged-friends/ [Accessed 5 May 2020]

Harcourt, Bosworth W. Swardeston Common, August 15 1895 (drawing) Norwich Castle Museum & Art Gallery, Norfolk Museums Service, available at http://norfolkmuseumscollections.org/collections/objects/object-3860293849.html [Accessed 5 May 2020]

Edith Louisa Cavell in Red Cross uniform. Colour process print after E. M. Ross, 1915. Wellcome Library no. 9872i, Wellcome Images, Wellcome Collection, available at https://wellcomecollection.org/works/ym9xg9kp [Accessed 5 May 2020]

Judson, Helen (1941) “Edith Cavell”. The American Journal of Nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 41 (7): 871. doi:10.2307/3415077

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 19: Ricardo

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Ricardo is in prison.
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Original idea and historical image and text research by Ira Franco; adaptation, layout, translation and additional research by Ernesto Priego.

Ricardo Flores Magón (Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, 16 September 1874 – Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansas, 22 November 1922) was the main ideologist of the Mexican anarchist movement, a key component for the development of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920). While in exile in the United States, he was charged with sedition and espionage by the W. Wilson administration and sentenced to twenty years in prison. He died 5 years later, blind from glaucoma and diabetes, in a cell at the Leavenworth Kansas Penitentiary. [Wikipedia entry]

His correspondence during his confinement is available via the Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón (INAH, México).

Source texts: Letters from Ricardo Flores Magón (Eloxochitlán, Oaxaca, 16 September 1874 – Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansas, 22 November 1922) to Raúl Palma (6 August 1918), Nicolás T. Bernal (26 May 1921) and Ellen White (5 April 1921), via Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico; Evelyn, Kenya (10 April 2020) “Prison uprising put down as US inmates demand protection from coronavirus”, the Guardian; Bernard, Katie (30 April 2020) “All Lansing prisoners to be tested for COVID-19 after multiple asymptomatic positives”, The Kansas City Star.

Source images: Panel 1: Kansas. Fort Leavenworth. U.S. Military Prison [no date], photographic print, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, no known restrictions on publication; panels 2-4: Ricardo Flores Magón (1978), linocut on paper by Carlos A. Cortés, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Public Domain. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

 

References

Ricardo Flores Magón, Correspondencia, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico, available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia/. [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Raúl Palma, 6 August 1918, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1918/cor361/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Ellen White, 5 April 1921, Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1921/cor44-2/  [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Letter from Ricardo Flores Magón to Nicolás T. Bernal. 26 May 1921,  Archivo Electrónico Ricardo Flores Magón, INAH, Mexico. Available at http://archivomagon.net/obras-completas/correspondencia-1899-1922/c-1921/cor55-2/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

U.S. Federal Bureau of Prisons. (Last Updated: Saturday, 25 April 2020)  Inmate Citizenship, Statistics based on prior month’s data. Available at https://www.bop.gov/about/statistics/statistics_inmate_citizenship.jsp [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Bernard, Katie (30 April 2020) “All Lansing prisoners to be tested for COVID-19 after multiple asymptomatic positives”, The Kansas City Star, available via https://www.kansascity.com/news/local/article242408021.html [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Evelyn, Kenya (10 April 2020) “Prison uprising put down as US inmates demand protection from coronavirus”, the Guardian. Available at https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/apr/10/us-prisons-coronavirus-uprising-riot [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Kansas. Fort Leavenworth. U.S. Military Prison [no date], photographic print, George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Available at https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2005686565/ [Accessed 4 May 2020]

Cortés, Carlos A. (1978) Ricardo Flores Magón. Linocut on paper. Smithsonian American Art Museum. Available at https://americanart.si.edu/artwork/ricardo-flores-magon-33504  [Accessed 4 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.

The Lockdown Chronicles 18: Walt

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Walt sits and looks out.
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Walt Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. After suffering a paralytic stroke in early 1873, Whitman was induced to move from Washington to the home of his brother—George Washington Whitman, an engineer—at 431 Stevens Street in Camden, New Jersey. While in residence there he was very productive, publishing three versions of Leaves of Grass among other works. [Wikipedia entry] You can read Leaves of Grass in its entirety via The Walt Whitman Archive.

Source texts: Whitman, Walt (1819 – 1892), “I Sit and Look Out”, from Leaves of Grass (1891–92), via The Walt Whitman Archive, CC BY-NC-SA 3.0; “New Jersey is now reporting more virus deaths per day than New York” in “New York Closes Schools Through End of Academic Year” (1 May 2020), New York. The New York Times;  Benner, Katie (April 13 2020) “Inmates at N.J. Women’s Prison Endured Years of Sex Abuse, Justice Dept. Finds”, Politics. The New York Times; MacFarquhar, Neil (May 3 2020), “The Coronavirus Becomes a Battle Cry for U.S. Extremists”. U.S: The New York Times, © 2020 NYTCo.

Source images: Panel 1: The Walt Whitman House in Camden, NJ (2007), via Wikimedia Commons; Public Domain. Panel 2: Portrait of Walt Whitman taken at Mathew Brady’s studio in Washington, D.C. between 1865 and 1867, wet plate negative, U.S. National Archives 111-B-1672; National Archives Flickr, Unrestricted Use. This comic strip CC-BY-NC-SA.

 

References

Whitman, Walt (1891–92), “I Sit and Look Out”,  from Leaves of Grass, via The Walt Whitman Archive, Gen. ed. Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price. Available at https://whitmanarchive.org/published/LG/1891/poems/129 [Accessed 3 May 2020]

“New Jersey is now reporting more virus deaths per day than New York” in “New York Closes Schools Through End of Academic Year” (1 May 2020), New York. The New York Times; available at https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/01/nyregion/coronavirus-new-york-update.html [Accessed 3 May 2020]

Benner, Katie (13 April 2020) “Inmates at N.J. Women’s Prison Endured Years of Sex Abuse, Justice Dept. Finds”, Politics. The New York Times; available at https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/13/us/politics/prisons-civil-rights-justice-department.html  [Accessed 3 May 2020]

MacFarquhar, Neil (3 May 2020), “The Coronavirus Becomes a Battle Cry for U.S. Extremists”. U.S: The New York Times, available at https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/03/us/coronavirus-extremists.html  [Accessed 3 May 2020]

Pavlovitz, John (1 May 2020) “The White Privilege to Terrorize”. Available at https://johnpavlovitz.com/2020/05/01/the-white-privilege-to-terrorize/ [Accessed 3 May 2020]

Price, Kenneth M. (2011) ‘“Whitman, Walt, Clerk”. The Poet Was a Seer of Democracy and Bureaucracy’. National Archives Prologue Magazine, Winter 2011, Vol. 43, No. 4, available at https://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2011/winter/whitman.html [Accessed 3 May 2020]

The Walt Whitman House in Camden, NJ (2007), via Wikimedia Commons; Public Domain, available at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walt_Whitman#/media/File:WhitmanHouse-CamdenNJ1.jpg [Accessed 3 May 2020]

Portrait of Walt Whitman taken at Mathew Brady’s studio in Washington, D.C. between 1865 and 1867; wet plate negative; U.S. National Archives 111-B-1672; National Archives Flickr; available at https://www.flickr.com/photos/35740357@N03/4222278143/ [Accessed 3 May 2020]

Portrait of Walt Whitman taken at Mathew Brady’s studio in Washington, D.C.; wet plate negative; purchased from Brady for the U.S. National Archives in 1873, via The Walt Whitman Archive, available at https://whitmanarchive.org/multimedia/image022.html [Accessed 3 May 2020]

The Lockdown Chronicles is a series of periodical comic strips made at night (in candlelight!) adapting and reusing openly-licensed or public domain items from online digital collections. Publication and tweetage are scheduled in advance. Historical sources are adapted and updated for the current pandemic; please refer to each strip’s references on each post for further context.  Catch up with the series at https://epriego.blog/tag/the-lockdown-chronicles/.